How To Photograph The Solar Eclipse This Week With Smartphones, Cameras And Telescopes
Want a picture of the solar eclipse? Early this Thursday, June 10, 2021 the Sun will rise partially eclipsed in the U.S. and Canada—and in a narrow, rather remote area of Canada, Greenland and Siberia it will appear as a “ring of fire” annular solar eclipse.
Wherever you are, yes, it’s possible to take a photo of the solar eclipse using a phone or a “proper” camera. Exactly what will be seen—how much of a “bite” the Moon will appear to take out of the Sun—will differ by location, as will the position of the eclipse in your sky.
In some areas of North America it will even be possible to photograph rare “solar horns” at sunrise as two cusps of the Sun poke above the horizon, or even just one cusp—known as a “shark’s fin.”
Either way, this is a partial solar eclipse across the world since nowhere will all of the Sun be blocked by the Moon. After all, this is an annular solar eclipse not a total solar eclipse, when the Moon is far away in its elliptical orbit and is consequently slightly smaller in the sky than on average.
That means great care needs to be taken because even a slither of uneclipsed Sun is very, very bright.
Here’s how to safely photograph the solar eclipse with a smartphone and with a DSLR or mirrorless camera.
Yes, but you must be very careful. All phases of this eclipse from everywhere on the planet must be viewed through solar filters—and that goes double for cameras. If you’re using a camera and a lens, or a telescope or a pair of binoculars, then they must have a solar filter or solar film over the front (and not over the eyepiece or viewfinder!). Why? The Sun’s infrared and ultraviolet rays are incredibly dangerous and can damage your eyesight without you feeling any pain. If you’ve not got any solar filters or solar film, don’t photograph the eclipse!
In summary, you must:
use eclipse glasses to look at the eclipse.
put solar filters on the front of any telescope, binoculars or camera lens.
put eclipse glasses over a smartphone’s camera lens.
don’t look through a camera’s optical viewfinder—use the LCD screen.
While those in Europe will see the eclipse high in the sky in the morning and afternoon—positioning which makes the eclipse hard to miss—those in North America will see it at, or shortly after, sunrise. So the exact position of the Sun will be paramount. These online resources will help you plan your shot:
However, it’s best to scout-out a location in advance and adapt when you need to. “Despite all your apps and planning, the Sun has a habit of coming up not quite in the location on the horizon you had thought it would, forcing a last-second panic move to get the Sun where you had hoped it would be relative to a foreground object,” said Alan Dyer, an eclipse-chaser, astrophotographer and author of Nightscapes. He advises visiting your intended viewing site in the mornings before, if weather permits, so you know exactly what to expect.
“That’s the challenge because clouds and haze will vary from day to day, so on eclipse day the best settings might still require some last minute adjustment,” said Dyer.
Either way, arrive at your site well before sunrise to stake your spot. “But also to take a pre-sunrise photo that you might want to use as the base image for the foreground and twilight sky in a composite with filtered Sun images,” said Dyer. “Practice beforehand and never assume that the techniques you have in mind will work as planned.”
How to safely photograph the solar eclipse this week with a smartphone
Can you even take a photograph of the solar eclipse with a smartphone? Yes, but don’t expect incredible photographic results for this one, but it is possible for you to get a rudimentary souvenir photo of a partial solar eclipse using a smartphone.
Here’s how to make a DIY solar filter for a smartphone: using a pair of solar eclipse filters, place one over your smartphone’s camera lens (or lenses) and secure using masking tape or similar. Then zoom in—which some phones will cope with much better than others. Be careful not to look at the eclipsed Sun yourself as you do this—just look at your smartphone’s screen. You can do the same thing with a compact camera.
Is it OK to photograph a solar eclipse with a smartphone?
Can a solar eclipse damage a smartphone? Well, you’re not going to want to point your smartphone at the Sun—particularly not a high-end, flagship phone from Samsung or Apple with a powerful (i.e. very light-sensitive) sensor. Besides, you’ll not get a great photo unless you use a filter of some kind because even a partially eclipsed Sun is very bright.